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Music STAR Skills
Music is a very interesting and entertaining skill to learn and participate in. Playing music creates tunes for songs, dance and can communicate to many people at once through artistic sound. The power of sound through music can provide one type of communication that brings many people together as one.
 
There are many different instruments that can be played to form a variety of music sounds. They all complement singing and dancing very well. When put together that form harmony in either a band, orchestra or concert.




Piano
The piano is one of the musical instrument played by means of a keyboard that produces sound by striking steel strings with felt hammers. The hammers are controlled mechanically and strike the strings when the player's hands press the piano keys. 

These hammers then play by rebound allowing the strings to continue vibrating at their particular frequency. These vibrations are then transmitted through a bridge to a soundboard that allows them to be heard in the music that is played. Another adaptation of the piano is the electronic keyboard.
 
Keyboard     

Violin
The violin is the a bowed string instrument with four strings tuned in perfect fifths. It is also the smallest and highest-pitched member of the violin family of string instruments, which also includes the viola and cello. sopr. 

When it is played, It is held under the chin, resting on the shoulder. The violin has a lovely tone that can be soft and expressive or exciting and brilliant. Another name for the violin is also the fiddle. This is why a person who plays the violin is called a violinist or fiddler.

 

Bass
The base actually refers to a variety of instruments that can be collectively regarded as bass instruments since they produce tones that are in the same low-pitch range.They belong to different families of instruments and can cover a wide range of musical roles. 

Since producing low pitches usually requires a long air column or string, the string and wind bass instruments are usually the largest instruments in their families or instrument classes.

Basses are constructed from several types of wood, including maple for the back, spruce for the top, and ebony for the fingerboard. Like many other string instruments the double bass is played either with a bow or by plucking the strings. In jazz music, the bass is mostly plucked, except for some solos which are performed with the bow. In most other genres, such as blues and rockabilly, the bass is plucked.


Guitar
The guitar is a popular musical instrument which actually has ancient roots that are used in a wide variety of musical styles. It typically has six strings, but fourseven,eightten, and twelve string guitars exist as well.

The guitar is recognized as one of the primary instruments in the categories of rock and blues, country, and many types of pop music.  Guitars may be played with the fingers or a pick, where the tone is produced by vibration of the strings and modulated by the hollow body, or they may rely on an electric speaker that can electronically manipulate tone. The electric guitar was introduced in the 20th century and continue to have a profound influence on the popular modern culture.


Flute
The flute is an instrument that is played solely by blowing through the mouthpiece and changing the notes with your fingers. on the air holes. In its most basic form, the flute can be an open tube which is blown like a bottle. In most flutes, the musician blows directly across the edge of the mouthpiece. However, some flutes, such as the whistle,  have a duct that directs the air onto the edge .

 The flute basically produces its sound from the flow of air against an edge and is a common component of a band or orchestra. Unlike today's modern flute, Early times saw flutes made from wood or bamboo.


  

Drums
The drum kit  is part of the percussion that is a collection of drumscymbals and sometimes other percussion instruments, such as a cowbellwood blockchimes ortambourines. They are all put together to allow one drummer play the whole drum set from the one seat.

The actual instruments of a drum kit are struck by a variety of implements held in the hands. These include sticks, brushes, and mallets. However the feat are also used to beat the bass drum, played with a foot-operated pedal, and the cymbals, which use a foot pedal in addition to the normal striking motion.

The exact collection of the drum kit components depends on factors like musical style, personal preference, financial resources, and transportation options of the drummer. Cymbal, hi-hat, and tom-tom stands, as well as bass drum pedals and drummer thrones
 

Clarinet
The clarinet, like the flute, is an instrument in the woodwind family. The name comes from meaning a particular type of trumpet, as the first clarinets had a strident tone similar to that of a trumpet. The clarinet is basically a cylinder shape and plays by blowing through the mouth piece and using fingers to control the notes played.

Clarinet bodies are made from a variety of materials. These include using wood, plastic, rubber and metal.The vast majority of clarinets used by professional musicians are made from hardwood. In previous times other woods, including one called boxwood, were used

Lower Joint of a Boehm-System Clarinet

Trumpet
The trumpet is an instrument in the brass family.  A musician who plays the trumpet is called a trumpet player or trumpeter. The trumpet is constructed of mainly brasstubing bent into a rough spiral. The trumpet and trombone share a similar cylinder shape, which results in a bright, loud sound. 

The shape is actually a complex series of metals which is smaller at the mouthpiece receiver and larger just before the flare of the bell begins. It was important to carefully design these shapes to ensure the tone of the instrument is kept. In comparison, the cornet and flugelhorn have similar shapes and produce a more mellow tone

 
 Image:Trumpet 1.jpg

Cello
The Cello is actually the abbreviation of violoncello. The reason for its name is because of its similarity to the violin. The cello is a bowed string instrument, which is played while seated. Its weight is supported mainly by its endpin or spike, which rests on the floor. It is then steadied on the lower bout between the knees of the seated player and on the upper bout against the upper chest. The neck of the cello is above the player's left shoulder, and the C-String tuning peg is just behind the left ear. 

To play the notes, the bow is drawn horizontally across the strings. Changing notes is all controlled from the top hand on the strings. This person who plays a cello is called a cellist. The cello is used as a solo instrument, in chamber music, and as a member of the string section of an orchestra
  

Organ
The organ is a keyboard instrument played using one or more manuals and a pedal board. It works using wind moving through metal or wood pipes and/or it uses sampled organ sounds to produce the sound. Its sounds, which vary widely in timbre and volume, are made according to ranks and controlled by the use of stops.

Organs vary greatly in size, ranging from one metre to the height of a five story building. They are mostly located in churches, concert halls, and homes. The organ is one of the oldest musical instruments in the Western musical tradition, and carries a rich history connected with Christian liturgy and civic ceremony

 Old Pipe organ in ?lise Saint-Thomas, Strasbourg, France. Modern pipe organ in Katharinenkirche, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Saxophone
The saxophone is an instrument usually considered a member of the woodwindfamily. Saxophones are also known as 'the Sax' and are usually made of brass and are played with a single-reed mouthpiece, very similar to the clarinet

The saxophone is very popular in its intended music type of military bands as well as, being most commonly associated with types of popular music, big bands and particularly jazz music. Many festivals use saxophones and jazz music to add excitement and entertainment to the crowd and it is also very good music to dance to.